China Good quality Universal Joint U Joint, Steering Universal Joints, Flexible Universal Joint

Product Description

Universal Joint
Universal Joint with Cardan Shaft

High-grade alloy steel
Rigidity: HRC48~50
Operating angle: 20
Single, double and assemble pin & block universal joints

These universal joints are made from high-grade alloy steel, and been heat treated for anti-oxidation. The surface rigidity is HRC48~50 and the pin & block is HRC60. We could manufacture single, double and assemble pin & block universal joints on requested.


Welcome to send us your product drawings for quotation.

Small quantity order is acceptable.

We pay attention to your inquriy, and take quotation as our important work.


ZheJiang CHINAMFG Electrical Machinery Equipment Co., Ltd

Contact man: Austin.Wang

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Standard Or Nonstandard: Standard
Shaft Hole: OEM
Torque: OEM
Bore Diameter: OEM
Speed: OEM
Structure: Flexible, Double
US$ 20/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

Request Sample



Customized Request

universal joint

How do you calculate the torque capacity of a universal joint?

Calculating the torque capacity of a universal joint involves considering various factors such as the joint’s design, material properties, and operating conditions. Here’s a detailed explanation:

The torque capacity of a universal joint is determined by several key parameters:

  1. Maximum Allowable Angle: The maximum allowable angle, often referred to as the “operating angle,” is the maximum angle at which the universal joint can operate without compromising its performance and integrity. It is typically specified by the manufacturer and depends on the joint’s design and construction.
  2. Design Factor: The design factor accounts for safety margins and variations in load conditions. It is a dimensionless factor typically ranging from 1.5 to 2.0, and it is multiplied by the calculated torque to ensure the joint can handle occasional peak loads or unexpected variations.
  3. Material Properties: The material properties of the universal joint’s components, such as the yokes, cross, and bearings, play a crucial role in determining its torque capacity. Factors such as the yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, and fatigue strength of the materials are considered in the calculations.
  4. Equivalent Torque: The equivalent torque is the torque value that represents the combined effect of the applied torque and the misalignment angle. It is calculated by multiplying the applied torque by a factor that accounts for the misalignment angle and the joint’s design characteristics. This factor is often provided in manufacturer specifications or can be determined through empirical testing.
  5. Torque Calculation: To calculate the torque capacity of a universal joint, the following formula can be used:
    Torque Capacity = (Equivalent Torque × Design Factor) / Safety Factor

    The safety factor is an additional multiplier applied to ensure a conservative and reliable design. The value of the safety factor depends on the specific application and industry standards but is typically in the range of 1.5 to 2.0.

It is important to note that calculating the torque capacity of a universal joint involves complex engineering considerations, and it is recommended to consult manufacturer specifications, guidelines, or engineering experts with experience in universal joint design for accurate and reliable calculations.

In summary, the torque capacity of a universal joint is calculated by considering the maximum allowable angle, applying a design factor, accounting for material properties, determining the equivalent torque, and applying a safety factor. Proper torque capacity calculations ensure that the universal joint can reliably handle the expected loads and misalignments in its intended application.

universal joint

How do you address noise issues in a universal joint?

Noise issues in a universal joint can be addressed through various measures. Here’s a detailed explanation:

Noise in a universal joint can result from factors such as misalignment, imbalance, wear, or inadequate lubrication. Addressing noise issues involves identifying the underlying causes and implementing appropriate solutions. Here are some steps to mitigate noise problems in a universal joint:

  • Alignment: Ensuring proper alignment between the input and output shafts is crucial for reducing noise in a universal joint. Misalignment can lead to increased stress, vibration, and noise generation. Aligning the shafts within the manufacturer’s specified tolerances helps minimize the angular deflection and associated noise.
  • Balancing: Imbalance in the rotating components of a universal joint can contribute to noise generation. Balancing the yokes, crosses, or other relevant components helps minimize vibrations and noise. Techniques such as adding counterweights or using precision balancing equipment can help achieve better balance and reduce noise levels.
  • Lubrication: Inadequate or improper lubrication can result in increased friction, wear, and noise in a universal joint. Using the manufacturer-recommended lubricant and following the specified lubrication intervals help ensure smooth operation and minimize noise. Regular maintenance, including lubrication checks and replenishment, is essential to mitigate noise issues arising from insufficient lubrication.
  • Wear and Replacement: Wear in the universal joint components, such as the cross, bearings, or yokes, can contribute to noise. Regular inspection for signs of wear, such as pitting, scoring, or play, is necessary. If wear is detected, replacing the worn components with new ones that meet the manufacturer’s specifications can restore proper functionality and reduce noise.
  • Vibration Damping: Implementing vibration damping techniques can help reduce noise in a universal joint. This may involve using vibration-absorbing materials, such as rubber or elastomeric elements, at appropriate locations to absorb and dissipate vibrations. Dampening vibrations helps minimize the transmission of noise and improves the overall performance of the joint.
  • Proper Maintenance: Regular maintenance practices are vital for addressing noise issues in a universal joint. This includes periodic inspections, lubrication checks, and addressing any signs of misalignment, wear, or damage. Timely maintenance helps identify and rectify potential sources of noise before they escalate and affect the joint’s performance and reliability.

By implementing these measures and considering the specific operating conditions and requirements of the system, noise issues in a universal joint can be effectively addressed. It’s important to consult the manufacturer’s guidelines and recommendations for proper installation, operation, and maintenance to ensure optimal performance and minimize noise generation in the joint.

universal joint

What industries commonly use universal joints?

Universal joints, also known as U-joints, are utilized in various industries where the transmission of rotary motion between misaligned shafts is required. Here are some of the industries that commonly use universal joints:

  • Automotive: The automotive industry extensively employs universal joints in vehicles. Universal joints are essential components in drivelines, connecting the transmission to the drive shaft and allowing power to be transmitted to the wheels. They accommodate the misalignment caused by the suspension system and enable smooth power transfer.
  • Industrial Manufacturing: Universal joints find widespread use in industrial manufacturing applications. They are employed in machinery and equipment such as conveyors, mixers, pumps, printing presses, and machine tools. Universal joints facilitate the transmission of motion at angles, enabling efficient operation and flexibility in various manufacturing processes.
  • Aerospace: The aerospace industry utilizes universal joints in aircraft and spacecraft systems. They are used in control mechanisms for movable surfaces such as wings, flaps, and rudders. Universal joints enable the transfer of motion and control inputs between different components, ensuring precise and reliable operation of aerospace systems.
  • Marine: Universal joints are commonly employed in the marine industry for various applications. They are used in propulsion systems to transmit power from the engine to the propeller shaft. Universal joints also find application in steering systems, allowing for the transfer of motion between the steering wheel and the rudder or outboard motor.
  • Agriculture: The agricultural industry relies on universal joints in various machinery and equipment used in farming operations. Tractors, combines, harvesters, and other agricultural machinery utilize universal joints to transmit power between different components, accommodating misalignment caused by the terrain and articulation requirements.
  • Construction and Heavy Equipment: Universal joints are commonly found in construction and heavy equipment. They are used in machinery such as cranes, excavators, loaders, and concrete mixers. Universal joints enable the transmission of power and motion between different parts of the equipment, accommodating misalignment and articulation required in construction and heavy-duty operations.
  • Railway: The railway industry relies on universal joints for various applications. They are used in drivetrain systems to transmit motion between different components, such as the engine, gearbox, and axles. Universal joints allow for smooth power transfer while accommodating the misalignment caused by the movement and suspension of trains.
  • Robotics and Automation: Universal joints are utilized in robotics and automation systems. They enable the transmission of motion between misaligned components in robotic arms, manipulators, and other automated systems. Universal joints provide flexibility and precise movement, allowing for efficient operation of robotic and automated processes.

These are just a few examples of the industries that commonly use universal joints. Their ability to transmit rotary motion between misaligned shafts makes them essential components in a wide range of applications, enabling efficient and reliable operation across various industries.

China Good quality Universal Joint U Joint, Steering Universal Joints, Flexible Universal Joint  China Good quality Universal Joint U Joint, Steering Universal Joints, Flexible Universal Joint
editor by CX 2024-04-24